Her tour-de-force transdisciplinary studies have illuminated a fundamental mechanism by which complex behaviors can evolve through multiple genetic changes each affecting distinct behavioral modules.Frédéric Saudou (2014) For his work in the understanding of molecular and cellular mechanisms causing Huntington's disease, a very severe neurodegenerative disorder.
Meanwhile, in 1951, 23-year-old James Watson, a Chicago-born American, arrived at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge.
Watson had two degrees in zoology: a bachelor’s degree from the University of Chicago and a doctorate from Indiana University, where he became interested in genetics. Luria at Indiana on bacteriophages, the viruses that invade bacteria in order to reproduce—a topic for which Luria received a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1969.
Denis Le Bihan (2002) For his work on the invention and development of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of brain diffusion and perfusion.
Miroslav Radman (2000) For his contribution to the discovery of the molecular mechanisms implicated in the replication and repair of DNA, in particular, the discovery of a key enzyme of the DNA repair mechanism.
These awards took the number of Nobel Laureates working in the LMB in 1962 to four: Fred Sanger having won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1958.
Jean-Laurent Casanova (2008) For his contributions to the understanding the genetic basis of the predisposition to viral and bacterial diseases of childhood, which have important clinical implications for the diagnostic and management of infectious diseases.It was Wilkins’s idea to study DNA by X-ray crystallographic techniques, which he had already begun to implement when Franklin was appointed by Randall.The relationship between Wilkins and Franklin was unfortunately a poor one and probably slowed their progress.Bruno Klaholz (2016) For his work in Structural Biology (by X-ray diffraction and cryo-electron microscopy methods) on the regulation of gene expression at both the transcriptional level (structures of the nuclear receptors to retinoic acid and vitamin D) and the protein translation level (initiation and termination complexes, and the structure of the human ribosome).The monetary prize is intended to stimulate research and to encourage reciprocal scientific exchanges between the United States and France.Randall—who had undergone a similar conversion—first at the University of St.