They considered her brother easier to control, so they plotted to overthrow her in favor of her brother.
For more than 300 years, Cleopatra’s family ruled Egypt.
She was born the third child of King Ptolemy XII in 69 BC. Cleopatra's two older sisters died before her father, leaving her with the rights due to the firstborn child.
She reacted by forming an army among the Arabian tribes east of Pelusium.
While Cleopatra fought to regain control of Egypt, the Roman guardian Pompey was fighting his own battles against his fellow Romans.
Ancient Egyptian records reveal Cleopatra to be an intelligent and powerful ruler.
The philosopher Plutarch described her not as a stunning beauty, but as a captivating, persuasive and charming leader.
Twelve additional soldiers wore the insignia of Rome and carried representations of authority from the Roman Empire. Caesar took control of the royal city and began the process of restoring order.
Although Ptolemy fled after Caesars arrival, his advisors returned him in order to confer with Caesar.
In fact, she would never be the sole ruler of Egypt in name, sharing the official title with her brothers and her son.