Its historic district has one of the largest collections of Frank Lloyd Wright-inspired Prairie-style homes in the United States.In the northeast quadrant of the city is Lake Highlands, one of Dallas' most unified middle-class neighborhoods.It became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, and the Midwest.
Oak Cliff was a township founded in the mid-1800s and annexed in 1903 by the city of Dallas.
Today, most of the area's northern residents are Hispanic.
"Hot spots" in this area include Uptown, Victory Park, Harwood, Oak Lawn, Dallas Design District, Trinity Groves, Turtle Creek, Cityplace, Knox/Henderson, Greenville and West Village.
East Dallas is home to Deep Ellum, a trendy arts area close to Downtown, the homey Lakewood neighborhood (and adjacent areas, including Lakewood Heights, Wilshire Heights, Lower Greenville, Junius Heights, and Hollywood Heights/Santa Monica), historic Vickery Place and Bryan Place, and the architecturally significant neighborhoods of Swiss Avenue and Munger Place.
The area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, and the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas.
In 1836, Texians, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas.Although some of Dallas' architecture dates from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, most of the notable architecture in the city is from the modernist and postmodernist eras. Several smaller structures are fashioned in the Gothic Revival style, such as the Kirby Building, and the neoclassical style, as seen in the Davis and Wilson Buildings.Iconic examples of modernist architecture include Reunion Tower, the JFK Memorial, I. One architectural "hotbed" in the city is a stretch of historic houses along Swiss Avenue, which contains all shades and variants of architecture from Victorian to neoclassical.Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth, where a similar Drivers Club was based.The rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing.On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states. The shooting occurred in an area of hotels, restaurants, businesses, and residential apartments only a few blocks away from Dealey Plaza. Portions of the city extend into neighboring Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties.